Frequently Asked Questions

General Questions

Below we summarized reasons why we think that delegating your stake with ADA4Profit is a good choice.

  • We have an excellent resilient infrastructure for our stake pool that is build up in different data centers and availability zones in Europe and the USA to guarantee nearly 100% uptime 24/7/365. For you this means, we will be able to forge blocks at any time in case they are offered to our stake pool by the Ouroboros protocol.
  • Our infrastructure is build on basis of microservices, this gives us the flexibility to easily update, deploy and scale without being dependent on the underlying operating system and cloud services provider
  • Our total pool stake is slowly but steadily growing. We have very loyal delegators who trust in us and love our transparency, interaction and activities related to our stake pool
  • We have a very knowledgeable stake pool operator with over 25 years experience in IT, with profound linux and security knowledge
  • One of the stake pool owners is a serial entrepreneur and running multiple IT companies (established and startups). These companies develop enterprise grade solutions for their clients on basis of the open source code in the areas of machine learning, artificial intelligence, internet of things and blockchain. The majority of these solutions is cloud native and mobile
  • We have a background in developing blockchain solutions on Ethereum which we are still running for our clients. This means we have profound knowledge of blockchain and smart contracts and know exactly what to do and what not when building blockchain based solution
  • We have committed ourselves to the Cardano blockchain, we are going to develop community and commercial grade solutions on top of it
  • We can piggy back on the experience and knowledge of our experienced development teams
  • We have our own Youtube channel to inform and teach the community about Cardano and our stake pool
  • We are actively marketing our stake pool to attract even more stake so will be able to to receive more rewards for our delegators

By delegating your stake to a stake pool you can earn ADA.

You could start your own private pool or public pool to earn ADA for validating blocks on the Cardano network but this isn’t so easy. Most people either don’t have enough ADA or missing the knowledge to do this. Beside the fact that running a stake pool is taking a lot of time and expenses are applicable for infrastructure, marketing and labor.

So for those people staking with a stake pool is a better choice to earn ADA.

Their delegated ADA will be used by the stake pool to increase the total stake pool stake, more stake means higher chances for the stake pool to forge blocks.

Forging blocks means, the option to validate a block and the financial transactions within that block. Validation is done on basis of cryptographic algorithms, with those we can determine if a transaction within the block or the block itself is being tampered. The Ouroboros protocol will determine at the start of an epoch how many blocks will be distributed to a stake pool to be validated on basis of the total amount of stake within the stake pool.

Once the stake pool forges a block and determines that the block (with financial transactions) is not tampered it will broadcast the result to other nodes in the network. Those nodes will validate the outcome. Once the majority of the node return that the outcome i correct the stake pool will receive a reward for its validation.

The rewards the pool received are being shared with its delegators.

The role of the stake pool is to secure the network by validating transactions, for this is needs to guarantee nearly 100% uptime 24/7/365. Indirectly the delegator is contributing to the security of the Cardano blockchain network.

Pool pledge is the stake that the stake pool owner put in their stake pool.

It is like an investment in stake by the stake pool owner(s), an initial stake amount also known as “skin in the game” or commitment to the Cardano blockchain.

A stake pool owner that has a lot of pledge into their stake pool either has a lot of money or is committed to the project for the long term. A stake pool with limited pledge has zero to no commitment to the project since they are not willing to commit themselves to the project, this could be they are in it to earn quickly some money and stop their stake pool at any moment when they succeed in this.

ADA4Profit has committed itself for the long term to the Cardano project by initially pledging 350K ADA and increasing this amount over time. The 350K pledge is locked for a minimum of 3 years, which means this is guaranteed by the owner(s) to stay in the stake pool for that period.

If the pledge is taken out by the owner(s) the stake pool will get punished for this influencing directly the stake rewards the stake pool is receiving. Indirectly this will hurt the delegators to the stake pool.

Since ADA4Profit is going to develop community and commercial solutions on the Cardano blockchain it makes sense for us to commit ourselves to this project since we want it to succeed.  But of course not everyone has unlimited funds available to lock for a longer time. Hence it is making sense for us to gradually increase the pledge as we come closer to the delivery of Goguen, where we can really start making use of Cardano blockchain by developing solutions and building smart contracts.

For a delegator it is important to stake with a stake pool that has a long term commitment to the Cardano blockchain and has a plan in place regarding their pledge. It is better to stake with a stake pool that has a certain amount of ‘skin in the game’ since this guarantees that the stake pool is investing in the ecosystem and not cash cowing.

Fixed costs are costs related to infrastructure (computers, ups, energy etc.) to run a stake pool.

The minimum amount of fixed costs is 340 ADA per epoch, which is determined by the IOHK the company that is developing the Cardano blockchain. Stake pool owner are free to increase this amount on basis of their actual infrastructure and energy costs to run the stake pool.

ADA4Profit is working with the minimal amount of 340 ADA per epoch.

For a delegator it is important to understand that not every stake pool is running with the same equipment, so costs related to a stake pool could vary. Some stake pool operators are running their stake pool on home equipment with limited resilience, thus for them the 340 ADA per epoch is a royal reward. Actually they are not delivering any value for this.

Other stake pools may run their infrastructure in the cloud at a service provider either on Virtual Private Servers or on Bare Metal Servers.

ADA4Profit A4PEU is running its pool infrastructure on Bare Metal Servers in the cloud, making use of different data centers and availability zones to guarantee an excellent resilience and near to 100% uptime to deliver high quality stake pool services to the best rewards for their delegators.

In such a scenario the 340 ADA per epoch may not be enough to cover all costs.

A delegator should be able to trust on a stake pool that it is striving for 100% uptime under all circustamces, since this will deliver the best rewards. So it is good to ask yourself to what stake pool you are staking. What does their hardware infrastructure look like?

A stake pool margin is required to operate the stake pool.

Lots of work is involved in installing, maintaining and optimizing the stake pool infrastructure to ensure that the stake pool has nearly 100% uptime. This is work that has to be done by the stake pool operator and this is an expense.

Next to this the stake pool needs to be promoted to attract new delegators. For this campaigns and content has to be developed and to be executed. Either the stake pool owners do it themselves or they have to hire people for this. A lot of expenses are involved in this process.

To cover these expenses the stake pool owner is calculating a margin over all the rewards produced by the stake pool, to somehow be able to cover these expenses (although most pools are running at a loss since the stake pool rewards are too small that the pool margin can cover the expenses being made)

As a delegator you should look into the effort a stake pool is putting into their infrastructure and marketing. This gives a good indication if the stake pool has a commitment to succeed.

You will receive your rewards automatically in your wallet from which you delegated your stake to the stake pool on basis of the Delegation Cycle.

The stake pool owner is not responsible for this distribution, the distribution of rewards is automatically done on basis the snapshot being made at the begin of the Delegation Cycle by the Ouroboros protocol. With the snapshot the percentage of stake in the stake pool is determined for every individual delegator. Payment of rewards is done after two epochs on basis of the rewards the stake pool collected by forging blocks, the total rewards minus fixed costs minus margin times your stake percentage will be automatically distributed to your staking wallet.

The Delegation Cycle is a mechanism that is used by the Ouroboros protocol to make a stake snapshot of the stake pool its total stake.

At the begin of an epoch (cycle of 5 days) a snapshot is take to determine the total amount of stake of the stake pool and the individual delegators stake in the stake pool to be able to determine the percentage of stake rewards.

It takes exactly one epoch before a delegators stake becomes active in a stake pool, during this period a new delegator will not get any rewards unless the delegator has staked before with another stake pool it might still receive rewards from the other stake pool.

It takes exactly two epochs after the stake of the delegator became active before rewards are being delivered to the delegators wallet, in case the stake pool is forging blocks.

In below figure the Delegation Cycle is visualized.